European History MCQS for CSS PMS

European History

(i) George Kennan articulated the Containment policy in:
(a) The X article and the Long Telegram. (b) The Long Telegram.
(c) The X article. (d) The X Telegram. (e) None of these.
(ii) Phil-Hellenism refers to:
(a) A pro-Turkish Policy. (b) A pro-Greek Policy.
(c) A Neutral Policy towards Greece and Turkey. (d) A Hostile policy towards Greece and Turkey.
(e) None of these.
(iii) The Marshall Plan was:
(a) An emergency plan to aid all non-communist countries.
An American plan designed to help all European countries rebuild after the First World War.
(c) An Anglo-American plan to rapidly develop Japan as a bulwark against Soviet expansionism.
The official US policy towards the Middle East. (e) None of these.
(iv) Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from:
(a) September 1939-July 1945. (b) May 1940-July 1945.
(c) January 1940-July 1945. (d) August 1920-June 1924. (e) None of these.
(v) The SS were Adolf Hitler’s:
(a) Elite body guards reporting to Hitler himself. (b) Crack troops reporting to General Manstein.
(c) Elite party guard reporting to Himmler. (d) Secret Police reporting to Goering. (e) None of these
(vi) Trotsky believed in permanent revolution while Stalin believed in:
(a) Marxist Gradualism. (b) Leninist Revolutionist Doctrine.
(c) Socialism in One Country. (d) The People First Approach. (e) None of these.
(vii) The decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan was taken in order to:
(a) Test a new weapon. (b) Intimidate the Soviet Union.
(c) Save additional US casualties. (d) All of these. (e) None of these.
(viii) The Sudetenland was:
(a) A part of Austria that Mussolini coveted. (b) A part of Poland that Stalin coveted.
(c) A part of Czechoslovakia that Hitler coveted.
A part of France claimed by both Germany and France. (e) None of these.
(ix) Blitzkrieg was:
(a) The German Operational Strategy that emphasized firepower, movement, and inter-services battlefield integration.
The German Operational Strategy that focused on static defense of German territory.
(c) The German Operational Strategy that relied solely on airpower to win wars.
The German Operational Strategy that emphasized total resources.
(e) None of these.
(x) Lloyd George was:
(a) The British Prime Minister responsible for the appeasement of Germany.
The British Prime Minister who advocated a pro-Turkish policy.
The British Prime Minister who led his country to victory in the First World War.
The British Prime Minister who was a lifelong enemy of Winston Churchill.
(e) None of these.
(xi) Ideologically, Mussolini was:
(a) A conservative Catholic who turned to Fascism.
A radical socialist who became an ultra-nationalist.
(c) Always a fascist. (d) A socialist at heart. (e) None of these.
(xii) The Soviet Union’s casualties in World War II are estimated as:
(a) Between 1 and 5 million dead, 10 million wounded.
(b) Between 5 and 7 million dead, 20 million wounded.
(c) Between 20 and 25 million dead, indeterminate number wounded.
(d) Between 30 and 40 million dead, 50 million wounded.
(e) None of these.
(xiii) Hitler’s decision to invade the Soviet Union was delayed by which combination of factors?
(a) The need to help Mussolini in the Balkans and North Africa as well as immense logistical problems.
(b) Hitler’s desire to win a winter campaign in Russia and break the curse of Napoleon.
(c) The incompetence of the German General Staff and their lack of resources.
(d) The British aerial bombardment of Germany and the French resistance to Nazi rule.
(e) None of these.
(xiv) Konrad Adenauer was:
(a) The last Chancellor of United Germany. (b) Hitler’s greatest political rival.
(c) The first Chancellor of West Germany. (d) The second Chancellor of West Germany.
(e) None of these.
(xv) The four powers responsible for Berlin after WWII were:
(a) USA, USSR, UK, Netherlands. (b) USSR, UK, France, Netherlands.
(c) France, UK, USSR, USA. (d) USA, Italy, France, UK. (e) None of these.
(xvi) The Five-Year Plans were:
(a) An initiative taken by Nazi Germany to rapidly recover after WWI.
(b) The Soviet economic development plans designed to industrialize the country.
(c) The American plan to counter the Great Depression.
(d) The Anglo-French plan to develop the global economy.
(e) None of these

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