Islamic Studies MCQs
545 Birth of Hazrat Abdullah, the Holy Prophet’s father.

571 Birth of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Year of the Elephant. Invasion of Makkah by
Abraha the Viceroy of Yemen, his retreat (military forces go back).

577 The Holy Prophet PBUH  visits Madina with his mother. Death of his mother.

580 Death of Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet (PBUH ).

583 The Holy Prophet’s journey to Syria in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. His meeting with the monk Bahira at Bisra, who foretells of his prophet hood.

586 The Holy Prophet (PBUH) participates in the war of Fijar.

591 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) becomes an active member of “Hilful Fudul”, a league for the relief of the distressed.

594 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) becomes the Manager of the business of Lady Khadijah (R.A) and leads her trade caravan to Syria and back.

595 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) marries Hazrat Khadijah.

2) 7th century

605 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba.

610 The first revelation in the cave at Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) is commissioned as the Messenger of God.

613 Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the general public to Islam.

614 Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam.

615 Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia

616 Second Hijrah to Abyssinia

617 Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet (PBUH) by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah.

619 Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hazrat Khadijah (R.A) ,Year of sorrow (1OH)

620 Journey to Taif. Ascension to the heavens.

621 First pledge at Aqaba.

622 Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib.

623: Nakhla expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose ).

624 Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina.

625 Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) of Badr.

626 Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) of Banu Mustaliq

627 Battle of the Trench Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews.

628 Truce (temporary agreement to cease hostilities) of Hudaibiya. Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose ) to Khyber. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) addresses letters to various heads of states.

629 The Holy Prophet PBUH  performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) to Muta (Romans).

630 Conquest of Makkah. Battles of Hunain, Auras, and Taif.

631 Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) to Tabuk Year of Deputations (delegations).

632 Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.

632 Death of the Holy Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã ). Election of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå) as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima ( ãÓíáãå ßÐÇÈ), the Liar.

633 Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut (ÍÖÑãæÊ ). Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.

634 Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin. Death of Hazrat Abu Bakr. Hazrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.

635 Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib. Conquest of Damascus (ÏãÔÞ ). Battle of Fahl.
636 Battle of Yermuk. Battle of Qadsiyia. Conquest of Madain.
637 Conquest of Syria. Fall of Jerusalem . Battle of Jalula.
638 Conquest of Jazirah.
639 Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt.
640 Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of Babylon in Egypt.
641 Battle of Nihawand. Conquest of Alexandria in Egypt.
642 Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest of Egypt. Foundation of Fustat.
643 Conquest of Azerbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia).
644 Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran and Kharan. Martyrdom ( ÔåÇÏÊ) of Hazrat Umar. Hazrat Usman (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå) becomes the Caliph.
645 Campaigns in Fats.
646 Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia Minor.
647 Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cypress.
648 Campaigns against the Byzantines.
651 Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines.
652 Discontentment (anger) and disaffection against the rule of Hazrat Usman ( ÑÖì Çááå Úäå ).
656 Martyrdom of Hazrat Usman (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå ). Hazrat Ali (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå)( (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå)) becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel (Ìãá ).
657 Hazrat Ali (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå) shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal.
658 Battle of Nahrawan.
659 Conquest of Egypt by Hazrat Mu’awiyah (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå ).
660 Hazrat Ali (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå) recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Hazrat Mu’awiyah ( ÑÖì Çááå Úäå). Hazrat Mu’awiyah (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå ) declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus.
661 Martyrdom of Hazrat Ali. Accession of Hazrat Hasan ( ÑÖì Çááå Úäå) and his abdication. Hazrat Mu’awiyah (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå) becomes the sole Caliph.
662 Khawarij revolts.
666 Raid of Sicily.
670 Advance in North Africa. Uqba bin Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul.
672 Capture of the island of Rhodes. Campaigns in Khurasan.
674 The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara becomes a vassal state.
677 Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. Siege (blockade) of Constantinople.
680 Death of Hazrat Mu’awiyah (ÑÖì Çááå Úäå ). Accession of Yazid. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hazrat HussainÑÖì Çááå Úäå) .
682 In North Africa Uqba bin Nafe marches to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa.
683 Death of Yazid. Accession of Mu’awiyah II.
684 Abdullah bin Zubair declares himself as the Caliph at Makkah. Marwan I becomes the Caliph’ at Damascus. Battle of Marj Rahat.
685 Death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada.
686 Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at Kufa.
687 Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah bin Zubair. Mukhtar killed.
691 Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik.
692 The fall of Makkah. Death of Abdullah bin Zubair. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph.
695 Khawarij revolts in Jazirah and Ahwaz. Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. The Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish.

3) 8th Century

700 Campaigns against the Berbers in North Africa.
702 Ashath’s rebellion in Iraq, battle of Deir ul Jamira.
705 Death of Abdul Malik. Accession of Walid I as Caliph.
711 Conquests of Spain, Sind and Transoxiana.
712 The Muslims advance in Spain, Sind and Transoxiana.
713 Conquest of Multan.
715 Death of Walid I. Accession of Sulaiman.
716 Invasion of Constantinople.
717 Death of Sulaiman. Accession (taking over) of Umar bin Abdul Aziz.
720 Death of Umar bin Abdul Aziz. Accession of Yazid II.
724 Death of Yazid II. Accession of Hisham.
725 The Muslims occupy Nimes in France.
732 The battle of Tours in France.
737 The Muslims meet reverse at Avignon in France.
740 Shia revolt under Zaid bin Ali. Berber revolt in North Africa . Battle of the Nobles.
741 Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa.

742 The Muslim rule restored in Qiarowan.

743 Death of Hisham. Accession of Walid II. Shia revolt in Khurasan under Yahya bin Zaid.

744 Deposition of Walid I1. Accession of Yazid II1 and his death. Accession of Ibrahim and his overthrow. Battle of Ain al Jurr. Accession of Marwan II.

745 Kufa and Mosul occupied by the Khawarjites.

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